Featured

 

 

Advertisements

Feminist Views from Somewhere: Summary of the day

A psychosocial enquiry into depth psychology and feminism – July 6, 2018

Amnesty International Bldg, Shoreditch, London

image-1

Co endorsers: International Association of Jungian Studies, Confederation for Analytical Psychology, and Dept of Psychosocial and Psychoanalytic Studies, University of Essex

Co-convenors: Leslie Gardner, Frances Gray and Catriona Miller

Greetings all –  Here is a summary of the regional conference in London at the Amnesty International building in Shoreditch, co-endorsed by IAJS, CAP and department of psychosocial and psychoanalytic studies, University of Essex from which a book will emerge which will be entitled ‘Feminist Themes from Somewhere’.

People flew in from India, California (by way of Phillipines), Latvia by way of CA, Africa, from China and elsewhere – many ‘somewhere’ else’s. Arab and Indian women studying in the UK were in attendance, as well, alongside Brits, and a few Americans flew in.

Stories and reports were of women’s secondary status everywhere, but of ongoing activity to change societies – the analysis was of psychological nature – about agency, unconscious touchstones, domination and many samples of stories of misogyny, racism (closely aligned) which influenced

mental and emotional health. But important ways of circumventing the problems were proposed.

Myths were used as a kind of ‘gateway’ (as Susan Rowland put it) provided by Jungian guidelines. The opening panel was sensational in contrasting presentations of national myths of strong women and the roles and strengths they deployed to overcome cultural dilemmas.

But there were other persuasions of depth psychology in the room – Winnicott, Klein and Lacan, as well as Freud, were all referred to. A strong paper on Kristeva, reflecting pertinently on abjection and the woman’s state of mind; but also a moving paper on heroic grandmothers; homophobia in Norwegian street scenes that included belittlement of men in being called female – women are invisible ‘others’ almost foreigners, on the other hand.

Media came under scrutiny in papers on the Walking Dead, House of Cards, and literature – from Antigone to Barbara Kinsolver’s work; and a troubling discussion of Jung’s projections in his associations with colleagues, and wife. Gender issues were often referred to – borderline attributes, definitions and identity – even as an issue itself – and were explored in several papers and one closely tracking problematic distinctions. ‘Animus’ and ‘anima’ were nearly pushed off the table. And a talk about sexting and what it was potentially unraveling or revealing was brought home in the last paper – when we were forced out – lots of talk all day … it may warrant more time in 2020 to accommodate more ideas and papers – some excellent material had to be set aside due to time constraints.

This is the briefest of summaries. We are planning on another Feminism conference gathering in 2020, same place, probably same date or thereabouts.

It was not that there was rageful frustration expressed during the day – this day was a robust exploration of feminism and female issues among people who were in agreement but seeking ways forward through talk.

With best wishes, Leslie

>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>

am – 11: Panel 1 – moderator: Susan RowlandSulagna Sengupta – ‘Earth, ecology and the Feminine’Mary Gayle Certeza-Narcida – ‘The Modern Ancients: the intrinsic feminism pre-colonial Philippine Culture’Huan Wang: ‘the Peony Pavilion as picture of sexual individuation of Chinese women’11.10– 12.15: Panel 2 – moderator: Elizabeth NelsonPhil Goss – ‘Gender similarity vs Gender difference’Lene Auestad – Sexual Counter-Revolution: sexism, homophobia and the New Right’Sharon Pelton – ‘Deconstructing Jung’s contra-sexual paradigms’12.15 – 13.00 lunch +++++++++++++++13.10- 14.40: Panel 3 – moderator: Isabelle MeierEvija Volfa Vestergaard – ‘Embodied thinking’Alexandra Fidyk – ‘Re-turning to feeling bodies: Recommitting to ontology’Mark Saban – ‘A (Jungian) fate worse than death – erasure through interiorisation’14.50 – 15.30: Panel 4 – moderator: Catriona MillerSusan Schwartz – ‘The Female Body: Julia Kristeva on the abject; contrast/coincidence Jungian psychology’Laura Camille Tuley – ‘Nasty women, daring to re-possess desire in dangerous world’Break 20 minutes15.50- 17.00 : Panel 5 – moderator: MJ MaherCatriona miller – Still in search of a heroine: becoming QueenTerence Dawson – ‘Antigone and the rejection of Athenian over-reaching’Emma Buchanan – Negotiating feminist identity in ‘The Walking Dead’17-17.50:  Panel 6 – moderator: Alexandra FidykMJ Maher, ‘My grandmother, my heroine’Martyna chrzescijanska  ‘Phantasizing about maternal space’Camilla Giambonini ‘A feminist investigation of trust and betrayal in ‘sexting’>Abstracts and biographies – Feminist Views from SomewhereSummer 2018 – Amnesty International Building, Shoreditch,LondonSpeakers:AUESTAD, LENESexual Counter-Revolution: Sexism, Homophobia and the New RightIn the summer of 2017, a neo-Nazi group which calls itself the Nordic Resistance Movement marched in Sweden and Norway under the banner “Fight the gay lobby”. Based on their own writings, this paper will examine their sexual imagery and fantasies. They formulate their ideology as a reaction against the increased sexual and cultural freedoms of the last century. This forms part of a larger project of deepening the understanding of the links between sexism, homophobia and racism.Literature: Auestad, L. (2014) “Idealised Sameness and Orchestrated Hatred – Extreme and Mainstream Nationalism in Norway” in L. Auestad ed. Nationalism and the Body Politic : Psychoanalysis and the Rise of Ethnocentrism and Xenophobia. London : Karnac.; Auestad, L. (2015) Respect, Plurality, and Prejudice. A Psychoanalytic ånd Philosophical Enquiry into the Dynamics of Social Exclusion and Discrimination. London: Karnac. ; Borchgrevink, A. S. (2013) A Norwegian Tragedy. Anders Behring Brevik and the Road to Utoya. Malden, MA, USA, Polity Press.; Moss, D. (2003) “Internalised Homophobia in Men: Wanting in the First Person Singular, Hating in the First Person Plural” in D. Moss éd. Hating in the First Person Plural. New York: Other Press.; Sedgwick, E. K. (1985) Between Men: English Literature and Male Homosocial Desire. Columbia University Press.; Young-Bruehl, E. (1996) The Anatomy of Prejudices. Cambridge, Massachusetts: Harvard Press.Biography: Lene Auestad (PhD in Philosophy from the University of Oslo) writes and lectures internationally on ethics, critical theory and psychoanalysis. Books include Respect, Plurality, and Prejudice: A Psychoanalytical and Philosophical Enquiry into the Dynamics of Social Exclusion and Discrimination, Karnac, 2015 and Shared Traumas, Silent Loss, Public and Private Mourning, Karnac, 2017. In 2010 she founded the international and interdisciplinary conference series Psychoanalysis and Politics, (www.psa-pol.org) which continues to this day.BUCHANAN, EMMANegotiating a feminist identity and power in The Walking DeadThe recent popularity of disaster and apocalypse narratives, in particular zombie fiction, is indicative of both a fear of and a desire for social change, and allows a space in which the notion of gender can be re-imagined. In this paper, I will discuss this process via an analysis of a leading female character, Carol, in the television series The Walking Dead. I will explain how the chance to negotiate her own identity is directly linked to the development of her power and agency.First, I will explain how Carol starts out with an identity defined entirely by her relationship as a wife and mother. Then I will explore how the loss of those relational identities allows her to consider who she is and start to become that person. Next, I will discuss how her power and agency grow as the identity she constructs for herself becomes more and more consolidated. After that I will show how the threat of losing ownership of her identity leads her to suffer an emotional breakdown: she adopts an over-whelming persona when her group joins another group of survivors living in a camp of middle-class suburbia, where, Carol believes, people want women to be cheery, meek and domestic. Finally, I will show that she builds her feminist identity without having to lose the ‘feminine’ aspects of her personality. On the contrary, it is her maternal instincts and her love of caring for others that drive the power and agency she gains. The Walking Dead, rather than reinforcing patriarchal gender norms, as some researchers believe, is enabling women to negotiate their own identity, and, as a part of that process, to not merely access patriarchal power and agency, but rather to develop their own power and agency themselves.Biography: Emma Buchanan is a PhD candidate at the School of Philosophy and Religion at Bangor University. She completed her undergraduate degree at The University of Sheffield in 2013, in Modern Languages (German, Russian and Dutch), and she has worked as a secondary school teacher since. Her PhD is on gender roles and Jungian archetypes in The Walking Dead.CERTEZA-NARCIDA, MARY GAYLEThe Modern Ancients: The Intrinsic Feminism of Pre-Colonial Philippine CultureIn most colonised countries, there is a prevailing lack of pre-colonial knowledge attributed to subsequent cultural domination after the conquest (Freire, 1970). The Philippines is no exception. Research that looks into pre-colonial culture through the lens of feminism is even rarer. This paper begins an in-depth look into the imagery, idea and customs surrounding women before the Spanish colonization (1521-1898) and American rule (1898-1947). It seeks to show that the Philippines’ ancient culture was intrinsically and precociously feminist.In Philippine mythology, the creation myth is gender equal. The first man and woman simultaneously sprung into existence from equal halves of a bamboo tree (Demetrio, Cordero-Fernando, Zialcita, 1991). While in the 19th century Europe and the United States started to advocate for thewomen’s rights, early Filipino women had already exercised many rights for more than a thousand years. In Conscious Femininity, Marion Woodman wrote that, That “in feminine consciousness, the spiritual and the physical are two aspects of one totality” (Woodman 1993) was embodied by the archaic babaylan: a woman who was the healer, teacher of culture, spiritual head and political leader of a community (Nono, 2013).Biography: Mary Gayle Certeza-Narcida. A graduate of Engaged Humanities and the Creative Life with Emphasis on Depth Psychology in Pacifica Graduate Institute. An advertising entrepreneur, author and publisher. Board Member of the Carl Jung Circle Center of the Philippines and member of the Jungian Society for Scholarly Studies in the United States. Country of residence is the Philippines.CHRZESCIJANSKA, MARTYNAPhantasizing about the Maternal Space: concept of psychotherapeutic space in depth psychologyThe presentation will be concerned with how psychotherapeutic space is defined in depth psychology as feminine especially maternal space. This insight that the therapeutic space is maternal in nature is ubiquitous: temenos and ‘vas bene clausum’ were defined by Jung in terms of ‘feminine nature’ (CW12 para 257) and ‘womb of the mother’ (CW12 para 171); it is also used to describe the sandplay: ‘The aim [in sandplay] is to provide a maternal space or psychological womb, an emotional metaphor for the uroboric mother-child unit. In this safe ‘space’ healing of the inner child re-discovered, with all of its potential for creativity and renewal’ (Weintraub 1983 p 28) , it is known as ‘holding space’ (Winnicott) or a container (containing space) usually associated with the bomb or uterine space (Bion). The maternal space is also understood in terms of the reparation process, for instance. A. Stokes described architecture in terms of the reparation of the ‘destroyed mother’; Winnicott thought about objects in the transitionary space as used by the infant in the replacement of the absent mother. My presentation will discuss how depth psychology takes part in a broader discourse on femininity, especially defining femininity and motherhood by using concept of maternal space: passive, containing, safe and bounded. I will be especially interested in how, unconsciously, psychotherapy in its concepts reproduces some social images of femininity as private, safe and nurturing space, as opposed to social, political, ‘external’ world.Biography: Martyna Chrzescijanska – PhD student at Psychosocial and Psychoanalytic Studies Department, University of Essex. Her research project concerns relationship between space and psyche(“Psychogeographyand Psychotherapy: Perspectives on Containment – Experience, Identity and Memory”). She has presented at several international conferences such as The Spectre of the Other in Jungian Psychology (Cape Town, 2017) The Evil of Violence in Post-modernity (Rome, 2016); Art and Psyche. Layers and Liminality (Sicily, 2015). She also works with young people as a tutor and support worker.DAWSON, TERENCEAntigone and the Rejection of Athenian OverreachingIt was during the enlightenment that interest in Sophocles’ Antigone increased dramatically. Two very different responses illustrate this. The first, a play by Vittorio Alfieri (1776), highlights the theme of tyranny; the second, a pedagogical novel by Jean-Jacques Barthélemy (1788), foregrounds the figure of Antigone. Hegel was twenty when the latter was translated into German. He described its heroine as “the heavenly Antigone, that noblest of figures that ever appeared on earth”. Shelley referred to her as an ideal with which he had fallen in love “in a prior existence”. And R.C. Jebb, an eminent classical scholar, described her as “the noblest, and the most profoundly tender, embodiment of woman’s heroism which ancient literature can show”. It is impossible to discuss Antigone without considering why the heroine should arouse such powerful feelings.This paper offers a fresh interpretation of the play’s dialogical nature. Its focus is on the relation between Creon and Antigone. It explores how Jungian theory helps us to better understand the relevance of Antigone to its audience, offers a fresh explanation of why Antigone has aroused such a powerful response, and explains why it is so misguided to identify with her.Biography: Terence Dawson has recently retired, after teaching English and European literature at both the top universities in Singapore for the best part of thirty years. He has a special interest in both music and the visual arts. With Polly Young-Eisendrath, he co-edited The Cambridge Companion to Jung (1997; 2nd ed. 2008). He is the author of The Effective Protagonist in the Nineteenth-Century British Novel: Scott, Brontë, Eliot, Wilde (2004), and articles on wide-ranging topics. He also serves as an associate editor of The International Journal of Jungian Studies.FIDYK, ALEXANDRAReturning to feeling bodies: Recommitting to ontology[A]s women we are always already in a patriarchal culture. . . . We are always already in the mostly-male-created-cultural-and-language-structures in which we live.~Gretchen Heyer, 2017, p. 140; p. 141; Complexes are what I experience in my body.~Nancy Krieger, 2017, p. 135; [T]he female body as a knowing organ is . . . an ancient resource. ~Susan Rowland, 2017, p. 140Intrigued by the dialogue, ideas, and personal song-lines contained in Feminist Views from Somewhere: Post-Jungian Themes in Feminist Theory by Gardner and Gray, I wonder about women’s (cisgendered and LGBTQ2) “feeling bodies,” (Dowd, 2017, p. 23), “sense of working with the land” (Cowan, 2017, p. 5), “consciousness engendered by Earth Mother” (Rowland, 2017, p. 91), and “anti-heroic qualities” (Covington, 2017, p. 71) as ways of re-searching that have not yet been adequately explored. That is, ways of re-conceptualizing, re-designing, and re-enacting inquiry as “post-inquiry” would themselves possess very different forms and movements than those determined by conventional humanist qualitative research. In addition to feminist theories, feminist epistemologies, and feminist views, there too must be ontologies that both embody and cast back women’s voices, women’s bodies, and women’s experiences. With critical attention upon the ontological and epistemological, ways of re-searching with feminist views in hand direct this presentation. What questions must be asked so to uncover the underlying assumptions of ways of knowing and ways of being–such as, intuition, active imagination, collectives, bodily feeling, and touch–for only then can the researcher conceptualize and enact coherent inquiry and/or research design. A comparative analysis of paradigms will also be included.Biography: Alexandra Fidyk, PhD, serves as Associate Professor in the Department of Secondary Education, University of Alberta. Her transdisciplinary scholarship reflects study in educational philosophy, hermeneutics, Buddhist thought, curriculum theory, analytical psychology, and trauma studies. Previous faculty at Pacifica Graduate Institute (core) and National Louis University (tenured), she remains adjunct faculty at both. She is also in private practice (Certified Jungian Psychotherapist, Integrated Body Psychotherapist, Constellation & Family System therapist).GIAMBONINI, CAMILLAA feminist investigation of trust and betrayal in ‘sexting’The existing literature on teenagers’ involvement with ‘sexting’ largely stems from feminist perspectives. When the first attempts at regulating online child pornography showed that teenagers were largely responsible for the great majority of sexualised images depicting under 18 that were circulating on the web, it became apparent that often girls were those depicted in such images. Debates concerning the harms of such practice heavily focused on girls’ reputation, their free consent and the implicit abuse in the behaviours of boys. Current data though show a more complex dynamic, which involves matters of betrayal, self-confidence and trust. This presentation offers a reflection concerning the role of trust and betrayal in feminist literature and presents data from interviews with 16 year old girls and boys arguing that an important and often overlooked factor explaining the harmful outcome of ‘sexting’ is connected with the gendered impact of education strategies targeting risk taking behaviours.Biography: After working as probation officer in Switzerland to complete the training as clinical and social psychologist, Camilla moved to the UK to work on an MA in criminology. Her interests are now focused on issues pertaining to impact of legislation on the psychological wellbeing of teenagers. Jungian psychology interests have run parallel to her academic specialization, working on a PhD at the Department of Psychosocial and Psychoanalytic Studies at the University of Essex. Currently she lectures part time within a social science department and collaborates with the Department of Education of her home country to develop education strategies based on the findings of her research.GOSS, PHILGender similarity vs gender difference; why does it matter to us?The question of whether gender difference is real or fake is explored in relation to Feminist and other discourses, pondering the fluidity or otherwise of conceptual and phenomenological takes on gendered experiencing. Perhaps these debates about ‘whether women and men are really different’ merely sustain unhelpful illusions by repeating patterns of socially constructed splits, based around patriarchal tropes about male and female roles and ways of being.However, there remains much we do not understand about gender identity formation, and of the seemingly intractable struggles of growing up as a boy, a girl, or other versions of gendered being; not to mention the difficult as well as creative dynamics of male – female adult relations. Alongside claims to authority on both sides of the argument about bodily sexed and neurological ‘differences’ between female and male, what often gets overlooked is the developmental and psychosexual aspect of ‘gendered development’.This thinking includes the possibility that maleness and femaleness carry broadly different patterns around such themes as continuity in time and space, and, experiencing of relationship. Here, depth psychology may have something of lasting value to inform current debates.Biography: Phil Goss is a Jungian Analyst (AJA, London) and Director for Counselling and Psychotherapy at the University of Warwick. Phil is author of Men, Women and Relationships, A Post-Jungian Approach: Gender Electrics and Magic Beans (Routledge, 2010), as well as of Jung: A Complete Introduction (Hodder and Stoughton, 2015). His other publications include chapters in the edited collections Education and Imagination: Jungian Approaches and Dreaming the Myth Onwards (both Routledge, 2008). His interest in gender is reflected in his paper Discontinuities in the male psyche (Journal for Analytical Psychology, 2006), and in his chapter on clinical themes and the masculine in the Psychotherapy and Alchemy (Routledge 2014) edited collection. Phil’s paper Wordsworth, Loss and the Numinous (Wordsworth Circle, 2012) was published from the conference he organised at the Wordsworth Trust, Grasmere, in 2011. He also helped organise the Notion of the Sublime Jung-Lacan conference in Cambridge (2014).MAHER, MJMy Grandmother, my heroineAs a child, my when-I-grow-up dream was to become a grandmother like my grandmother, the most powerful feminist in my entire tiny world. Although a cultural outsider within a patriarchal society, her soft voice nevertheless commanded respect. My grandmother, my gogo, whose skirt was so wide that it sheltered us from the misery thrown at us by social stereotypical discriminations. My ambuya who fought for our rights, she would gather us in her thatched hut, semi-lit by a home-made lamp and a dying fire, and open our eyes to who we were through folk stories, proverbs and metaphors laced with moral values, cultural and traditional hand-me-downs passed on from generation to generation. So, the logic for the future was to become a grandmother and command similar respect.Fast forward. I am now a grandmother in Surrey and a cultural outsider, but am I as powerful as the feminist old lady in the thatched hut in Chivhumudhara village of MutemachaniKraal? That is the question I plan to explore. Will you relate to my old feminist grandmother and recognise your own imagoes of strength that you internalised – grandparents, uncles, aunts, teachers or any other forceful personality that crossed your path? That is the question to be thrown at you to explore.Biography: MJ Maher is a group analyst in private practice in London. She teaches trainee counsellors in London and has taught on a two-year Foundation Course in Group Analysis in Rwanda. MJ is a community psychiatric nurse and the author of Racism and Cultural Diversity: Cultivating Racial Harmony through Counselling, Group Analysis and Psychotherapy (Karnac, 2012).MEIER, ISABELLEIsabelle Meier is a graduate of the C G Jung Institute Zurich (1996), and maintains a private practice in Zurich. She has further trained as a Guided Affective Imagery (GAI) therapist. She received her doctorate in psychology from the University of Zurich, as well as her degree in history and philosophy. She is a training analyst and supervisor of ISAPZURICH, and was co-president 2012-2016. Isabelle has authored several publications as Komplexe and Dissoziationen. Weiterentwicklung von Theorie und Praxis der Analytischen Psychologie (Brandes &Apsel 2017); Grandparents . Archetypical and clinical perspectives on the grandparent-grandchild relationship (Routledge 2016). She co-edited the research book Seele und Forschung (Karger Verlag 2006), and she is on the editorial staff of the German edition of the Zeitschrift Analytische Psychologie. Her special area of interest lies in the links of imagination, intersubjectivity, complexes and archetypes. (Moderator)MILLER, CATRIONAStill in search of the heroine: becoming QueenThirty-six years ago, in an exploration of women’s novels and quest myth narratives from a largely Jungian point of view, Annis Pratt noted ‘growing up female [seems to mean] a choice between auxiliary and secondary personhood, sacrificial victimization, madness and death’; [Pratt Archetypal Patters in women’s fiction, Indiana University Press, 1981 p 36] and continued, ‘when a rebirth journey is attempted, the reward of personal power makes the conquering hero a cultural deviant.’ [ibid p 168]. A fate that does not affect the ‘Hero with a Thousand Faces’ posited by Campbell in 1949, were the returning successful hero marries the princess and rules over the kingdom.In this paper, I will explore two fictional narratives, one modern, one ancient, which tell the story of the heroine’s rise to power. I will consider the character of Claire Underwood in the Netflix drama, ‘House of Cards’ (2013 ongoing), who ended series 5 as President of the United States, and compare her trajectory with the Sumerian myth ‘Inanna and Ebih’ where the ancient goddess Inanna [definitively not a goddess of the domestic sphere] encounters an entity which refuses to give her due respect.The comparison will demonstrate the difficulties and compromises of enacting female power within patriarchal culture, whilst offering a glimpse of the story as it might exist beyond the constraints of a dominant patriarchal norm.Biography: Catriona Miller is a Senior Lecturer at Glasgow Caledonian University where she teaches television script writers and media students. She publishes in the field of film and television studies, with a particular interest in Horror, Cult TV and Science fiction genres from a Jungian perspective. She is currently working on a joint book, ‘The Heroine’s Journey: Female Individuation on Screen’ for RoutledgePELTON, SHARONDeconstructing Jung’s contra-sexual paradigm: if feminine consciousness is not somewhere over the rainbow in Saturn, where is her imagistic terrain?In my presentation, I argue that the prima materia that comprises the panoply of feminine consciousness is more aptly perceived through the cacophony of women’s voices experienced through Barbara Kingsolver’s cleverly crafted novel, The Poisonwood Bible (1998), more so than Jung’s contra-sexual theory as it pertains to a woman’s animus.Biography: Sharon Pelton is a current student at Pacifica Graduate Institute in the M.A./Ph.D. Jungian Depth and Archetypal Psychology program. She is an artist, a certified Spiritual Director (2004), chaplain (2009), and holds a Master’s Degree in systematic Theology (2005). Retrieval of the Divine Feminine and the Black Madonna are her primary foci.SABAN, MARKA (Jungian) fate worse than death: Erasure through InteriorisationJung developed his concept of the archetype of the anima during the period of his confrontation with the unconscious. Its first arrival was represented as the spontaneous eruption of an inner feminine (universal to all men), opening the doors to the infinite riches of the collective unconscious. However, the voice of that initial anima was, Jung tells us associated with a real, flesh and blood woman – “a talented psychopath” as he puts it. In this paper I trace the origins of Jung’s relationship with his inner woman to a series of relationships with outer women, and show how Jung’s tendency to valorise the inner world of the anima resulted in the de facto erasure (through interiorisation) of some highly independent and highly relational women. This in turn has led to a widespread tendency in Jungian psychology to suppress the outer relational dimension of human life.Biography: Mark Saban is a senior analyst with the Independent Group of Analytical Psychologists and a lecturer in Jungian and post-Jungian studies in the Department of Psychosocial and Psychoanalytic Studies, University of Essex. He co-edited Analysis and Activism – Social and Political Contributions of Jungian Psychology with Emilija Kiehl and Andrew Samuels (Routledge 2016) (Finalist American Board and Academy of Psychoanalysis Book Prize, Nominated Gradiva Award for Best Edited Book).Recent articles include, ‘Secrete e Bugie. Un’area cieca nellapsycologia junghiana’, Rivista di psicologia analitica, 2017, n. 43 Volume 95. and ‘Outside-In: Jung’s myth of interiority ambiguated Or – Knowing me, Knowing Jung – ahah!’, Journal of Analytical Psychology, 2018, 63, 3SCHWARTZ, SUSANThe female body: Julia Kristeva on the abject in contrast andcoincidence with Jungian PsychologyThis presentation explores the integration of the personality, opening from the throes of the despair, confusion and dissociation of body and psyche. The diverse yet alignable perspectives of Julia Kristeva and Carl Jung bridge the border between self and other, both internally and externally. These concepts are illustrated with a Middle Eastern ‘foreign’ woman living in the Western world, struggling with the cultural shadows and split of selves. She descended into an abyss, became ill, depressed, feeling detached from life and strange to her self. This meant encountering the darkness of melancholia, a need to access the imaginary and symbolic, the ‘as if’ and real, the shadow and the stranger, physical and emotional. For this woman, the unaccepted or the abject Kristeva described had been repulsed; the shadows as noted by Jung denied. Both Kristeva and Jung recognized the unconscious memories form an estranged and melancholic language that with psychological work becomes the crucible of mourning and also for healing.Biography: Susan E. Schwartz, Ph.D., Jungian analyst and clinical psychologist is a member the International Association of Analytical Psychology. She has taught in the Jungian Analytical Psychology developing groups programs in Poland and South Africa and gives workshops and lectures in and out of the USA. Susan has articles in several journals and chapters in several Jungian books. She has a private practice in Jungian Analytical Psychology in Paradise Valley, Arizona, USA and her website is http://www.susanschwartzphd.comSENGUPTA, SULAGNAEarth, Ecology and the Feminine: Furrows in a Ploughed EarthJung had a deep and intuitive approach to earth and ecology. He wrote about psyche and earth being interconnected but he did not articulate this vision scientifically. His notions about an earth-linked psyche and the life he adopted in Bollingenbased on this vision were uncommon in the dominant scientific world he lived in and are closer to thoughts and traditions found in ancient cultures. On the other side, despite putting forward distinctive notions about the psyche and its unconscious gendered aspect, his views on women are sometimes flawed by their essentialist overtones.In bringing these themes together, this paper meanders into an uneven terrain. It takes off from Jung’s imagination of an archaic earth and explores the notion of feminine in it, bringing three cultural extracts from India that symbolize the feminine in relation to psyche and earth. I attempt to examine these, first in specific myths from the Indian epic Ramayana, second, in instances from India’s contemporary ecofeminist movement and third, in my own encounter with the notion of an ecological psyche. In bringing these examples together, I offer a counter-narrative about the feminine, its idealization and stereotyping in culture and ecology, showing instead the transpersonal nature of the archetype and its role in symbolizing psyche and the ethical dilemmas contained in it. Jung held a delicate middle ground between mind and earth and I suggest that the symbolization of feminine in Indian earth narratives opens us to alternate ways of knowing and living through the psyche that in essence is distinct from established forms of knowledge and modes of being in modern culture.Biography: Sulagna Sengupta is a postgraduate in English Literature and an independent scholar of Jungian Studies, based in Bangalore, India. She is the author of ‘Jung in India’,published in 2013 by Spring Journal Books, USA.TULEY, LAURA CAMILLEThe Jouissance of “Nasty Women”: Daring to Re-possess Dynamic Feminine Desire in a Dangerous World“Such a nasty woman…” —Donald J. Trump, in response to Hillary Rodham ClintonI will address the restrictive and, at times, straight forwardly misogynist connotations of C.G. Jung’s thinking in relation to women and feminine sexuality in a couple of ways. First, I will suggest the figure of Baubo, who appears in the myth of Demeter and Persephone, as a kind of disruptive and potentially subversive antidote to Jung’s classically patriarchal reduction of the feminine to that which is used by and for men. I will argue that Baubo, as archetype, represents a bawdy, playful and autonomous erotic energy that serves to inspire and return the feminine subject to herself, perhaps following and in response to her violation and repression within a one-sided culture.Secondly, I will explore the analyst and author Claire Douglas’ reflections on the “Dynamic Feminine” as a version of what might emerge psychologically, socially and physically as women become more fully attuned to their own image, allowing the object that is oneself to inspire desire and gratification (as opposed to the shame, self-loathing and abjection that are conditioned in, carried by and trafficked among women). I will cite a case study involving three patients that I feel represents an image of the potential power, pleasure and disruption, in the sense of the French feminist use of the term jouissance, of a Baubo-like energy within and between women. I will argue that this awakened expression of erotic vitality and connection serves the female subject’s process of individuation, individually and collectively, though it is inevitably contaminated by her socialization as “Woman” (Man’s “Other”) and invariably exposes her to violence (psychological and/or physical) by the individual and collective “masculine” that she effectively disrupts. I will consider the inherent paradox and messiness of articulating and embodying dynamic feminine desire from within a symbolic system that not only precludes women’s voices but punishes them for attempting to speak.Biography: Laura Camille Tuley, PhD is a Jungian analyst in private practice in Madison, Wisconsin. She has contributed to the New Orleans Review, Mothering in the Third Wave, Art Papers, Hypatia, the APA Newsletter on Feminism and Philosophy and Iris and is the co-editor of Mother Knows Best: Talking Back to the ExpertsVESTERGAARD, EVIJA VOLFA.Embodied Thinking: A Contribution to Feminist Epistemologies and the Way Women Participate in Today’s Social, Economic, and Political WorldThis proposal contributes to ideas of feminist epistemologies by exploring recent advances in sciences, depth psychology, and societal studies. I will examine the role of women in knowledge production, i. e., the typically attributed to women, heightened abilities of embodied knowing, connecting, and relating versus critical thinking involved in devising large institutions and social networks. I will question the emphasis of depth psychology on the feminine knowing as knowing in the body privileged over thinking and argue that our human and natural world needs embodied thinking—ability to comprehend scientific data of intra-action combined with an ability to experience the connectedness of everything. My explorations will be informed in part by a recent scientific finding that pregnancy affects brain structures, primarily by reducing gray matter volume in regions subserving social cognition involved in mental processes of perceiving and thinking about the social environment. I will propose that the changing roles of women, not limited primarily to motherhood, change the biological female herself, her expressed abilities, and with them, our notions of the feminine. Ideas conjoined with the lifestyles of the past encapsulated in concepts such as the feminine knowing, must part. The task of feminist epistemologists becomes to investigate the role of women as new kind of thinkers who are also knowers through the body—embodied thinkers. This further understanding of the feminine knowing can open critically beneficial ways of women’s participation in society, economy, and politics.Biography: Dr Vestergaard is a PhD in Jungian and Archetypal Studies, earned at Pacifica Graduate Institute, and an independent psychology researcher.WANG, HUANThe Peony Pavilion as a picture of sexual individuation of Chinese WomenThe Chinese opera The Peony Pavilion tells us a story that a young girl who had a dream to have sex with a young man in the garden of her own house, died after the dream, became a ghost to court the man in her dream and came back to life with his assistance. By amplifying this story, I argue that in typical Chinese romantic stories, women have always played an active role in the relationships, and Chinese people have realized that sexual desire of women was not aroused by men, but by their own nature. Women are not the object of desire, but the subject of it. They had their sexual power. Because of this knowledge, Chinese women have been oppressed for many years and forced to serve their power for the family instead of for themselves. Therefore, Chinese women have spent many years to fight against such oppression.The heroine of the Peony Pavilion is a young girl standing against her father’s will and finding her own sexual autonomy. The story shows a popular theme in typical Chinese romantic stories for women. They could not choose their own husbands, but if they fought to death then they could get free as a ghost, then, maybe love would bring them back to life. Through this process of death and rebirth, they could earn their freedom and achieve their own sexual individuation as an independent individual.A clinical case of a patient of mine whose main complaint was about her sexual problems with her husband illustrates how the similar theme merges in a contemporary Chinese family. Through her work with me, she tried to find her own autonomy. However, even today, this is still quite difficult and painful for a young Chinese woman.Biography: Currently, Huan Wang is a Ph.D candidate in University of Essex, and her research is on the femininity and masculinity in romantic relationships in contemporary China. Her study is mainly from Jungian and Post-Jungian perspectives, and focuses on how young Chinse couples have been affected by traditional values, Westernization and One-child policy. She was a psychotherapist for five years in the clinic department of a hospital in Wuhan, a city in China, and collected many clinical materials on couple issues from previous work. At the present, her research interests mainly focus on the effects of political interventions on relationships within families, and how to address the individual position in a collectivism setting.Convenors and Contributors-at-large:GARDNER, LESLIE (co-convenor)Co-editor with Frances Gray, and author of chapter ‘Explorations in the poetics of the feminine pronoun’ in Feminist Views from Somewhere (Routledge 2017); earlier books Rhetorical Investigations: GB Vico and CG Jung (Routledge 2015), House the wounded healer on television co-edited with Luke Hockley, The Ecstatic and the archaic: an analytical psychological inquiry co-edited with Paul Bishop, and other chapters and articles. She is a Visiting Fellow in Department of Psychosocial and Psychoanalytic Studies, University of Essex where she gained her PhD. Director, founder, international literary agency, Artellus Limited.GRAY, FRANCES (co-convenor)Frances Gray holds a PhD in Philosophy and Women’s Studies from Australian National University. She was Honorary Senior Research Fellow in the School of History Philosophy Classics and Religion, University of Queensland. She is the author of many volumes including Jung, Irigaray, Individuation: Analytical Psychology and the Question of the Feminine (2007), Cartesian Philosophy and the Flesh: reflections on incarnation in analytical psychology (2012) and Jung and Levinas: an ethics of mediation (2015) all published by Routledge. Her articles, chapters in books, and reviews have appeared internationally. Her current research is in hierarchical relations in religious systems and the ontological implications of belief.NELSON, ELIZABETH EOWYN – contributor-at-largeElizabeth is Core faculty and Dissertation Policy Director at Pacifica Graduate Institute near Santa Barbara, California where she teaches courses in research process, methodology along with courses in dream, imagery and cultural studies. Her own research focuses on shadow, gender and power, with how we construct evil and the monstrous. Her books are: The Art of Inquiry: a depth psychological perspective (Spring 2005 with Joseph Coppin), and Psyche’s Knife:  archetypal explorations of Love and Power (Chiron 2012). A professional writer, she now coaches aspiring authors across a variety of genres and styles.ROWLAND, SUSAN – contributor-at-largeChair of MA Engaged Humanities and the Creative Life at Pacifica Graduate Institute, California. As writer on Jung, literary theory, gender and the arts, she published Jung: A Feminist Revision (Routledge 2002) and other books including Jung as a Writer (Routledge 2005) and The Ecocritical Psyche: Literature, Complexity Evolution and Jung (Routledge 2012), and Remembering Dionysus (Routledge 2016)  among other works. She was founding Chair of the International Association for Jungian Studies 2003-2006, and now teaches Shakespeare, gender theory, The Red Book, ecocriticism and Jung. Recent projects include a book on goddesses in mystery fiction and another on literary theory in James Hillman and Jung.SAMUELS, ANDREW – contributor-at-largeAndrew Samuels has been writing on gender issues in analytical psychology since 1985 from political and psychological perspectives. In 1989, he published a chapter that continues to excite interest and controversy:  ‘Beyond the Feminine Principle’ in The Plural Psyche. Chapters on men and masculinity, the father, relations between women and men, same sex parenting, and sexualities also appear in Jung and the Post-Jungians (1985), The Political Psyche (1993), Politics on the Couch (2001), and A New Therapy for Politics (2015). His Selected Works were published as Persons Passions, Psychotherapy, Politics in 2016. He is Professor of Analytical Psychology at Essex and a Training Analyst of the Society of Analytical Psychology. www.andrewsamuels

Call for papers

Call for papers: ‘Feminist Views from Somewhere’
Feminism is not one thing or another; it is a way of being in a world of multiple perspectives. Following the publication of ‘Feminist Views from Somewhere’ (Routledge 2016) we now propose a conference which will explore, in greater breadth and depth, the themes of our edited collection. The conference will be held in London at the Amnesty International building in Shoreditch on July 6, 2018.

We invite feminist scholars with an interest in depth psychology, psychoanalysis, and their off-shoots, to participate in a day of exploration, discussion and critical analysis. We are interested in furthering links between feminist epistemologies, jurisprudence, ecology literature and linguistics.

We welcome concise proposals relevant to this general outline, from researchers in the humanities, the social sciences and the sciences. Talks should be around 15 mins – 20 mins. Please email us at feministviewsfromsomewhere@gmail.com by the 20th October 2017 (extended). We will confirm acceptance of successful proposals by 30th November, 2017. We intend to run the day as a series of panels, with early evening event afterwards. Concise presentations will allow us to have multiple inputs.

We look forward to hearing: Leslie Gardner (University of Essex) and Frances Gray (University of Queensland)

Co-endorsed by the International Association for Jungian Studies, Confederation for Analytical Psychology,  and the Department of Psycho-social and Psychoanalytic Studies (University of Essex)